The main structure of the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall
The concept of National Dr. Sun Yat-sen MemorialHall’s design
Modern Chinese architecture has there directions.
We can either follow Western architecture, mimic classic Chinese palatial architecture, or create a revolutionary form of Chinese architecture.
National Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall would mark one of the most significant buildings in modern Chinese architecture, but what course would most appropriate to take?
In estabilishing the criteria for National Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall’s design, adopting Western architecture would be wholly inappropriate. However, mimicking classic Chinese palatial architecture, particularly that of the Qing Dynasty, would be even more inappropriate since Dr. Sun Yat-sen opposed architecture that symbolized the Manchurian political system. A viable approach to the building would be to develop a new Chinese architecture that best represented the late national founding father’s revolutionary-spirit.
With the preliminary drafts of National Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall having benefited from the constructive input from an elite review council, you are kindly requested to provide your valuable input as to whether the design revision of adopting a modern architectural technique can best manifest the spirit of traditional Chinese architecture and the distinct culture of Chinese civilization.
Sincerely, Wang Da-min
December 3, 1965
The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall measures 30.4 m in height, and 100 m on each side, where fourteen gray columns on each side anchor the yellow-tiled rooftop with upturned that corners resemble a soaring eagle. It is situated right in the center of a 100,000 square meter square lot, flanked by foliage, flower-bearing plants, and lawns, that showcase the contrast between the building and its environment to catch the attention of passersby. Projecting to viewers a majestic and imposing air, the memorial hall’s solemn, grandeur architecture also lends a rustic, masculine, and simple yet refined sophistication. The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall’s exterior portrays a majestic, grand, concise, and forceful ambience that not only fosters respect, but also bestows a harmony of strength and esthetics.
Situated on the south side of Chung Shan Park, the area of the lake measures approx. 8,000 square meters, marking it the largest artificial lake in Taipei City. Its facilities include Shang Shan Bridge and Tsuei Heng Pagoda. The Tsuei Heng Pagoda was donated by the Taipei City Lion’s Club, and completed on March 12, 1971, with one arch bridge connecting to Tsuei Heng Pagoda from the north and one from the south. These two arch bridges were once called the San Er Bridges, and were later renamed the Shang Shan Bridges in commemoration of the birthplace of Dr. Sun Yat-sen.
Interlaying plumagelays along the lakeside, reflecting a green environment, with cascading willows swaying with the breeze. To showcase the changes of the season 30 small and two large-scale lotus containers, as well as three patches of various colors of sleeping lilies, have been planted in the lake, adding to the blossoming landscape of the Emerald Lake in summertime.
Furthermore, to enhance the Emerald Lake’s nightscape, in March of 2004, the lotus blossoming season saw the completion of the Tsuei Heng Pagoda rooftop and the Shang Shan Bridge’s railings on both sides adorned with illuminating lights, as well as the installation of projection spot lights at strategic tree trunks along the lakeside. At night, the illuminating lights projected onto the lake surface present lights and brilliant lines, accentuated by the rustic whimsy of the sounds of insect and frogs, bringing a touch of dream-like color to the Emerald Lake at nighttime and creating a mesmerizing layered nightscape with a captivating brilliancy.
The area, situated at the north end greenfield of Chung Shan Park, was commissioned for construction by donations from the International Taipei Hsinyi and Hualien Central District Rotary Clubs in May 1989. The trail measures 120 m in length, and 1.2 m in width, and is laid with green pebbly marbles quarried from Hualien. It is the premiere health trail established for use in Taipei City, complete with two marble slabs laid by the entryway that detail the trail’s health enhancing possibilities through the human body’s pressure points and foot reflexology.
With thriving modern commerce and industrialization comes the phenomenon of increasing populations in urban settings. The more concentrated the population, the more they encroach on the living space. The progress of civilization also brings about air pollution, and noise, leaving people with an ever-deteriorating quality of livie, whereas parks serve to improve the quality of live, bringing a clean, safe, comfortable esthetical, and natural environment, and providing us with a space for recreation and spiritual relief.
The area, situated in Taipei City’s eastern district, encompasses the main hall structure and Chung Shan Park. Chung Shan Park, which comprises a concrete plaza and green lawns, occupies a landmass of 11 hectares. The configuration of Chung Shan Park has a symmetrical design with a flag-raising platform at the center, flanked by fountain pools aligned with the hall's structure. The layout of the landscaping has also been executed in a symmetrical configuration. Chung Shan Park, which once fell under the jurisdiction of the Taipei Municipal Government, came under the administration office in 1985. Upon taking over Chung Shan Park, the administration office has continuously added many facilities in a move to add esthetics to the park's landscape, and enrich it with educational learning objectives.
The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall measures 30.4m in height, and 100m on each side, where fourteen gray columns on each side anchor the yellow-tiled rooftop with upturned corners that resemble a soaring eagle. It is situated right in the center of a 100,000 square meter square lot, flanked by foliage, flower-bearing plants, and lawns, that showcase the contrast between the building and the environment to catch the attention of passersby. Projecting to viewers a majestic and imposing air, the memorial hall’s solemn, grandeur architecture also lends a rustic, masculine, and simple yet refined sophistication. The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall’s exterior portrays a majestic, grand, concise, and forceful ambience that not only fosters respect, but also bestows a harmony of strength and esthetics.